Study of the history of Central and South-East Europe during the late Middle Ages and the early Modern Age is not possible without focusing of attention on the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, one of the largest states of the region, playing the crucial role in Europe during the three and a half of century. Despite the increasing importance of the Lithuania studies in the contemporary Ukrainian historiography, the main results of this branch of studies are published either in monographs or in some specialized articles in unspecialized journals, collected works, almanacs, etc. 

Therefore, in 2009 the Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine organized a specializes academic almanac “Ukraina Lithuanica: Studies on History of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania”. The first editor in chief was Dr. Hab. (History), Associate Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Mykola Kotlyar.

The international scientific conference “Ukraine and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 14th and 18th Сenturies: Political, Economic, Interethnic and Socio-Cultural Relations in the Pan-European Dimension” became the impetus for starting the almanac publication. It was the first event of such kind at the territory of Ukraine, the conference was organized by the Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Kamianets-Podilskyi State University (now Kamianets-Podilskyi National Ivan Ohiienko University) in September 25–27, 2007 in Kamianets-Podilskyi. Now this conference became a recurrent biannual meeting that is a platform for academic conversations and one of the sources for the almanac scope filling.

In 2013 the almanac was registered by the State Registration Service of Ukraine (Certificate KB № 20167-9967Р from  06.08.2013) as a biannual serial. It is designed for  the scholars and students in humanities as well as for everybody interested in  the history of Ukraine and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Today it is the only collected works publication in the Lithuania studies in Ukraine. The editor in chief is Ph. D. (History), Senior research fellow Dmytro Vashchuk.

In accordance with the articles proposed for the almanac, “Ukraina Lithuanica” has the topical sections as follow: “Policy and Law”, “Social-economical relations”, “Archaeology”, “Ad fontes”, “Historiography”, “Reviews”. The latest topical section is for the information about new monographs  and papers as well as about the academic events realized. The mainstream topic of the articles are Ukrainian studies, but the editorial board  also accepts the articles on the history of the regions of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which now are not parts of Ukraine. This fact prompts the development of comparative studies. Additionally, “Ukraina Lithuanica” is an open intellectual platform for the variety of academic discussions on the topic in question.